Medinans saw in Muhammad an impartial outsider who could resolve the conflict.
Others, Sayyid Qutb in particular, called for violence, and his followers are generally considered Islamic extremists, although Qutb denounced the killing of innocents.—and thus is not a united movement.
Moderate and reformist Islamists who accept and work within the democratic process include parties like the Tunisian Ennahda Movement.
Different currents of Islamist thought include advocating a "revolutionary" strategy of Islamizing society through exercise of state power, and alternately a "reformist" strategy to re-Islamizing society through grass-roots social and political activism.
Graham Fuller has argued for a broader notion of Islamism as a form of identity politics, involving "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community." Some Islamist thinkers emphasize peaceful political processes.
But this is disingenuous, hypocritical, eternally dangerous—and is probably heretical to whichever religion one claims allegiance.
On what basis does one claim to know more about the religion than the founders of the religion themselves?
They take on the label of the religion, but not the beliefs or practices.
They may even attend worship services, but in their own mind reject many of the core beliefs.
As we compare orthodox (that is fundamental) Christianity and orthodox (fundamental) Islam, we hope to speak to a variety of audiences, including: Let us say this also at the outset.
As noted on our home page, our organization is dedicated to exploring God through reason and evidence.
In 622 CE, in recognition of his claims to prophethood, Muhammad was invited to rule the city of Medina.