I suggest the shell should be no smaller than 14 inches or else you can only get one gorget out of it.Do not use shells too small you will only get one out of the shell and it will be very curved almost impossible to work with.
Caraway phase was first recognized at the Poole, or Keyauwee site, on Caraway Creek in Randolph County.
Although a few European trade artifacts are found at Keyauwee, most of the materials date to late in the Late Woodland period - around the beginning of the sixteenth century.
(Courtesy Mike Toner) Mindful that many decades of archaeological investigations had preceded him, University of South Carolina archaeologist Adam King was uncertain what, if anything, he might discover when he and a multi-institutional team of investigators decided in 2005 to see if remote sensing and geophysical tests might reveal something a century of traditional archaeology had missed.
Using a suite of equipment to measure underground magnetism, density, and electrical properties, King's team has mapped--in just three field seasons--the subsurface remains of the prehistoric town that once covered much of the 50-acre plain surrounding Etowah's imposing mounds.
A 2003 drawing of ancient Etowah, above left, was shown to be inaccurate following a survey earlier this year, during which archaeologists used subsurface mapping tools to produce new images, above.
Researchers now know the site was much more complex and that Mound A, the largest, left, had at least four sizeable structures and a courtyard that date to the height of Etowah's power between 13.
Once the site has been excavated, it is gone forever.
Thus, non-destructive techniques are the preferred method as researchers attempt to glean new insights into the past.
The shell and bone artifacts are very similar to the grave goods found at sites dating to the Hillsboro, late Dan River, and Early Saratown phases.
Caraway phase is the southern Piedmont's version of the widespread Lamar style.
These types of shells are soft compared to the lightning whelks.