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Fury of animal lovers Moscow Radio reported the second satellite was launched to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution and gave details about the spacecraft's contents and orbit.
Sputnik II weighs half a ton (508kg) and carries instruments for studying solar and cosmic rays, temperature and pressure, two radio transmitters and a hermetically-sealed container with "an experimental animal" inside, as well as oxygen and food supplies.
All of the 36 dogs the Soviets sent into space — before Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit Earth — were strays, chosen for their scrappiness.
(Other dogs had gone into space before Laika, but only for sub-orbital launches.) The mission was another in a series of coups for the Soviet Union, which was then leading the way in space exploration while the United States lagged.
Other headline-writers treated Laika with more compassion.
According to another story in the same issue, the Brits were especially full of feeling for the dog — and outrage toward the Russians.It was a Space Race victory that would have broken Sarah Mc Lachlan’s heart. 3, in 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first-ever living animal into orbit: a dog named Laika.The flight was meant to test the safety of space travel for humans, but it was a guaranteed suicide mission for the dog, since technology hadn’t advanced as far as the return trip.MOSCOW, July 25— A Russian astronaut, Svetlana Savitskaya, became the first woman to walk in space today, the Tass press agency reported. Leetsma, are to venture outside the space shuttle Challenger to demonstrate techniques for orbital refueling. Miss Savitskaya, who was accompanied on her walk by the mission commander, Vladimir Dzhanibekov, is also the first woman to make two space flights. The first was Valentina Tereshkova, who orbited Earth in 1963.Miss Savitskaya, who is 36 years old, performed welding and soldering operations in the course of her historic excursion in space, which lasted 3 hours and 35 minutes, Tass said. Miss Savitskaya went into space July 18 along with Mr.Within several hours of working in the space suit, a cosmonaut loses up to three kilograms in weight.'' Three kilograms is 6.6. Although there has been no warning in the Soviet press, Western space experts had expected that Miss Savitskaya would make a space walk as a further step in Soviet testing of women's adaptability to space.